Color Hues

Unique hue is the degree to which color can be described in a common language as a specific color, like  red, yellow, green, cyan, blue, and the way to distinguish one color group from another. Hue fuchsia (magenta) is based not on one wavelength, but on a mix from the opposite ends of the visible color spectrum.

Light is visible to the human eye as hues in frequencies 400 - 700 nanometers, known a wavelengths. Hues are not just a physical phenomenon but are also created by our brain, so colors we see can be combinations of the hues. Light, heat, and hue are three ways to express electromagnetic radiation.

  • Cool

    Cool colors: greens, cyans, blues.

    • Blue


      Indigo Navy Royal Slate Purple

    • Cyan


      Turquoise Teal Aqua Sky Azure

  • Magenta

    Fuchsia Pink Plum Violet

    Magentais a purplish-red or reddish-purple color. In these group of colors I include all colors close to it on the color wheel, for instance: crimson, pink, red violet, purple, violet, etc.

    On RGB (additive) and CMY (subtractive) color wheels, it is located in the middle between red and blue:

    • Hex #f0f or #FF00FF;
    • sRGBB  (r, g, b)=(255, 0, 255) - red, green, blue.
    • CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)=(0, 100, 0, 0) - cyan, magenta, yellow, black;
    • HSV(h, s, v)=(300°, 100%, 100%) - hue, saturation, value.

    Magenta is an extra-spectral color, not a hue associated with monochromatic visible light - it is associated with perception of spectral power distributions. Violet and red, the two components of magenta, are at opposite ends of the visible spectrum and have very different wavelengths (380 to 740 nm). Magenta has no wavelength attributed to it. Our brain constructs magenta to connect the ends of the spectrum, red and violet.

    In the CMYK color model, magenta is one of the three primary colors, along with cyan and yellow. In this model, magenta is also the complementary color of green: these two colors have the highest contrast. If combined, green and magenta ink will look dark gray or black. Process magenta is one of the four colors of ink used in color printing by an inkjet printer. Combining green and magenta light on a black screen will create white. A purple hue in terms of color theory, magenta is evoked by light having less power in green wavelengths than in blue/violet and red wavelengths.

  • Warm

    Warm colors: magentas, reds, yellows.

    • Red

      Maroon Red Scarlet

      Red is the color at the end of the visible spectrum of light, next to orange and opposite violet. In these group I also include colors like scarlet and vermillion.

      Its dominant wavelength of approximately 625–740 nanometers. It is a primary color in the RGB and CMYK color models, and is the complementary color of cyan.

      Red has historically been associated with danger and courage, but in modern Europe and US red is commonly associated with heat, activity, passion, sexuality, anger, love, and joy. In many Asian countries red symbolizes happiness and good fortune.

    • Yellow

      Yellow Umber Ochre Gold Lemon Orange Sienna Amber Peach

Color Hues and Temperature February 2022
Color Contrast Implementation February 2022
Color of Light February 2022
Analogue Hues - Form & Balance February 2022
Complimentary Hues - Emphasis, Space, Contrast February 2022
Color Shades: Value & Proportion February 2022
Tertiaries: Texture & Pattern February 2022
Tints: Saturation & Variety February 2022
Tones: Line & Rhythm February 2022
Split Color Wheel: Shape February 2022
Colors Wheel Flower: Harmony February 2022
Colors November 2016
Complementary Colors January 2016
All Art Tags December 1999


Lena Nechet, artist - Fine art, media productions, language.
San Diego, California , USA , 323-686-1771