Value 🔲


Value ( in HSV model - darkness, or Lightness in HSL model, or Brightness in HSB model) - resembles making tints by adding black or gray.

The value of color is defined by its lightness or darkness, its tints and shades, quantity of light reflected, or how close it is to white or black.

Value in art is about relative lightness or darkness of colors that is used to create spatial illusions.

  • Dark: low key, with prevalent darker values.
  • Light: high key, with prevalent lighter values.
  • Achromatic: gray-scale, black and white.
  • Black & White 🔳



    Black on White

    Black and white imaging give use the freedom from color hues, and bring up value of line and visual texture. Compositions that created using only black on white ground are exciting because of the challenge they bring, and due to liberating discoveries of obvious restrain.

    I work in hue-monochrome almost exclusively in sketch and uderpainting, and never yet had a monochromatic finished piece, except series in black on white and a few pieces in reverse. As for white on black, I dislike the loss of the reflected pure white from the background through the transparent layers, and rarely use this technique.

    In color works, I usually avoid any shades of gray created with black. Instead, I use complementary hues in and textured layering in black.


    Pure value, no color hue or saturation is presented in black and white images (B/W or B&W). In black-n-white artwork and graphics, monochrome pictures only grayscale achromatic colors are used. The represent valueonly.

    Black-and-white images can combine black and white in a continuous spectrum, producing a range of shades of gray. Grayscale images - monochrome gray - are composed of various grey values, from black to white, usually including the extremes.


    A black and white picture is a monochrome that represents achromatic scales (gray scale) only - black, gray or white colorsA monochromic image in general is composed of values of any one color, not only black. Monochromatic pictures have colors in shades and tints of a single hue.

  • Dark ⚫

    Darker-value in general or low-key depictions with prevalent darker tones can sometimes have dominant blacks, blues, and browns.



  • Light ⚪

    Light-valued as a whole or high-key images with prevalent lighter tones consists primarily of tinted to bright colors, with fewer dark shadows.