Art Techniques


Technique is the manner in which technical details are treated or basic physical movements are used.

Art Technique

My art techniques that I use often (in bold) and on occasion (in cursive):

  1. Acrylic painting (with water based paints that use acrylic polymer as a binder);
  2. Aerial perspective (adjusting colors to mimic those changes by the atmosphere at a distance);
  3. Aquarelle or watercolor (with water based paints that use soluble gum arabic from acacia or a substitute as a binder);
  4. Assemblage (assembling three-dimensional objects);
  5. Charcoal drawing (applying burnt wood);
  6. Chiaroscuro (working from mid-tone toward light and shadows, using strong contrasts between light and dark);
  7. Collage (application of pieces of colored paper and other flattened objects);
  8. Contour drawing (outline);
  9. Digital painting (applying digital inks to screens with stylus or fingers);
  10. Divisionism (separation of color for optical effects, including pointillism - applying dots of color, usually by stippling);
  11. Drybrush (applying paint so it is only partially covers the previous one);
  12. Foreshortening (rendering figures in depth with realistic perspective, especially from unusual points of view);
  13. Glazing and washing (coating with transparent paint);
  14. Gouache (natural gum as binder with opaque white base pigment);
  15. Grisaille (underpainting in value only, with shades and tints of one color, black camaieu, or in yellow - cirage);
  16. Hatching (shading with closely spaced parallel lines, and with cross-hatching the lines overlay at an angle);
  17. Dabbing (quickly applying paint with stiff brushes or other object with light pressure, like playing staccato on piano);
  18. Impasto (paint applied to stand out from the surface);
  19. Murals (painting ol walls and ceilings);
  20. Pastel (applying powdered pigment molded into a stick);
  21. Pen and ink (applying pigment ink with sticks, dip and fountain pens, brushes, and other implements, like parallel and technical pens);
  22. Perspective (depicting three-dimensional objects and space on surface with an illusion of real volume);
  23. Plein-air (painting outdoors or creating an impression of the open air);
  24. Sfumato (blurring or softening of sharp outlines by gradual blending of one tone into another);
  25. Sgraffito (scratch away paint to expose the underlayer);
  26. Spray and splatter;
  27. Tachisme and action painting (spontaneous application of paint, dripping and spilling);
  28. Tenebrism (dramatic illumination);
  29. Underpainting ((pre-painting of the first layer, often with contrasting colors to show through);
  30. Wet-on-wet (wet paint is applied onto wet layers).

Art Media

Artworks are aesthetic physical items or artistic creations, tangible and portable forms of visual art. They require physical matter to be created, and these chosen elements are called art materials.

  • Material elements and properties of artwork that are used for aesthetic appeal and permanence:
    1. Ground - canvas, rag, and paper, heavyweight and lightweight;
      1. Shape - usually rectangular, vertical ("portrait") or horizontal ("landscape"), and all other shapes;
      2. Size - dimensions: large, medium, and small;
    2. Pigments - minerals, inorganic, and organic;
    3. Tools - used for fine art creation (brushes, palettes, stick, easels, mounts, etc).
Art December 2015
All Art Tags December 1999