Value 🔲


Value ( in HSV model - darkness, or Lightness in HSL model, or Brightness in HSB model) - resembles making tints by adding black or gray.

The value of color is defined by its lightness or darkness, its tints and shades, quantity of light reflected, or how close it is to white or black.

Value in art is about relative lightness or darkness of colors that is used to create spatial illusions.

  • Dark: low key, with prevalent darker values.
  • Light: high key, with prevalent lighter values.
  • Achromatic: gray-scale, black and white.
  • Black & White 🔳



    Black on White

    Bland and white imaging give use the freedom from color hues, and bring up value of line and visual texture. Compositions that created using only black on white ground are exciting because of the challenge they bring, and due to liberating discoveries of obvious restrain.

    I work in hue-monochrome almost exclusively in sketch and uderpainting, and never yet had a monochromatic finished piece, except black on white. And even then, I avoid any shades of gray created with black, instead I use complementary hues in colorful works and textured layering in black.

    As for white on black, I dislike the loss of the reflected pure white from the background through the transparent layers, and rarely use this technique.


    Pure value, no color hue or saturation is presented in black and white images (B/W or B&W), black-n-white artwork and graphics, monochrome pictures that use only grayscale achromatic colors. Black-and-white images can combine black and white in a continuous spectrum, producing a range of shades of gray, and represent valueonly.


    A black and white picture is a monochrome that represents achromatic scales (gray scale) only - black, gray or white colorsA monochromic image in general is composed of values of any one color, not only black. Monochromatic pictures have colors in shades and tints of a single hue.

  • High Key Light ⚪

    Light-valued high-key images with prevalent lighter tones consists primarily of tinted to bright colors, with fewer dark shadows.



  • Low Key Dark ⚫

    Darker-value low-key depictions with prevalent darker tones can sometimes have dominant blacks, blues, and browns.