• Expository

    Expository documentaries propose a strong argument and point of view, using images to advance the argument, often employing voice-over or titles.

  • Observational

    Observational documentaries attempt to observe lived life spontaneously with minimal intervention.

  • Participatory

    In a participatory documentary or participant-observation films the filmmaker as a social actor affects the subject or alters the situations, presenting "the truth" of the encounter.

  • Performative

    Performative documentary stresses subjective experience and emotional response to the world and might include hypothetical enactments. 

  • Poetic

    In the aesthetical poetic mode of documentary images of the material world are organized by means of associations and patterns.

  • Reflexive

    Reflexive documentary skeptically draws attention to the fact that it is just a representation of the reality.