• Analysis

    The terms analysis ("to take apart" - to break down an intellectual or substantial whole into parts) and synthesis ("to put together" - to combine separate elements or components in order to form a coherent whole) are similar procedures.


    Analytical writing - relationships of ideas or parts, possible situations, alternative responses, systemic analysis, comparison.

    System analysis - a problem-solving technique that analyses components of a system to see how well they interact to accomplish the purpose, also: 

    "The process of studying a procedure or business in order to identify its goals and purposes and create systems and procedures that will achieve them in an efficient way".



    Reason is a consideration that explains or justifies events, phenomena, or behavior. It is the capacity of consciously making sense of things, establishing and verifying facts, justifying or adapting practices and beliefs based on existing or new information.

    Reasoning is understanding and forming judgments, the way rational individuals understand sensory information from their environments and conceptualize abstractions. Reasoning may be subdivided into forms of logical and intuitive.

    Intuition, the ability to acquire knowledge without conscious reasoning, is often necessary for the creative processes involved with arriving at a formal proof.

    Logic studies ways in which humans reason formally through argument.

    Deduction is a form of reasoning in which a conclusion follows necessarily from the stated premises. Deductive reasoning - deductive or "top-down" logic - is the process of reasoning from one or more statements (premises) to reach a logically certain

  • Critique

    Critical writing can contain evaluation, judgement, questioning, implications and solutions, conclusions, and recommendations. 


    Evaluation is a systematic determination of its subject's merit, worth or significance, using criteria governed by a set of standards.

    Evaluative writing I use to judge something according to my set of criteria. The primary purpose of my evaluations, is usually gaining insight and identifying possible desirable changes.

    I strive to follow these rules:

    1. Have a clear argument.
    2. Formulate a thesis statement.
    3. Research and present the subject well.
    4. Challenge my biases.
    5. Come to a conclusion of some value.

    Critique and Opinion


    Critique is a critical evaluation or analysis, especially of works of art or literature - a methodical practice of doubt with recognition of merit, or a critical essay or commentary, an instance of formal criticism.

    In German, Italian, French, or Russian, there is no distinction between 'critique' and 'criticism'. In the English, critique is not personalized nor ad hominem, but is instead the analyses of the structure in the content of the item critiqued.

    Critical thinking employs not only logic but also clarity, credibility, accuracy, precision, relevance, depth, breadth, significance, and fairness.

    Critical thinking skills include observation, interpretation, analysis, inference, evaluation, explanation, and meta-cognition, and the the ability to:

    1. Identify evidence through reality.
    2. Isolate the problem from context.
    3. Establish relevant criteria for
  • Description

    Descriptive writing - introductory, background and contextual information, outlines the way things are: lists, collections, notifications, presentations, introductions.

  • Experience

    Experiences - accumulation of skills from direct observation of events or participation in activities.

    Reflective writing - personal reflection, experience, realization, future actions (plans), real or imaginary scenes and events, interactions, memories, meaning, thoughts, feelings, emotions, situations.

  • Flow

    Moments of life, thoughts, ideas, observations, snapshots, and looks.

    Reflective writing - personal reflection, experience, realization, future actions (plans), real or imaginary scenes and events, interactions, memories, meaning, thoughts, feelings, emotions, situations.

    Experiences - accumulation of skills from direct observation of events or participation in activities.

  • Multilingual

    In multilingual texts and audio speeches, verbal content is expressed in several, more than one, languages.

    Languagesare methods and systems of communication.

    Multilingualism is the use of more than one language, either by an individual speaker or by a group of speakers.

    People who speak multiple languages are called polyglots.

    Multilingual speakers have acquired and maintained at least one language during childhood. Children acquiring two languages natively from early years are called simultaneous bilinguals.

  • Nature and Society

    Nature - physical world, universe, natural phenomena, life in general.

    Society - a group of individuals involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same geographical or social territory.

  • Poetry

    Poetry is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language. This form of art is thousands years old, and originated in Africa. To me it is the music of speech, I love rhythm and rhyme.

  • References

    References include information about external sources - links, citations, mentions, names, and titles - and point out relations between informational objects:

    • notes recognizing a source of information;
    • names of the authors;
    • titles of specific publications containing authoritative facts;
    • definitions, standards, and their origination;
    • passages from publications,
    • mentioning, embedding, etc.

    Definitions are statements of the meaning of a term:

    1. Intensional - give the sense of a term by naming properties that a thing must have in order to be part of the set.
      In logic and mathematics, an intensional definition gives the meaning of a term by specifying necessary and sufficient conditions for when the term should be used.
    2. Extensional - list the objects that a term describes).
      Extensional definitions are used when listing the members of a set tells the questioner enough about the nature of that set, or gives more applicable information than other types of definition.
    3. Ostensive - convey the meaning by pointing out examples of one or more members of a set, but not necessarily all.

    A term may have many different senses and multiple meanings, and thus require multiple definitions. Definitions and axioms are the basis on which all of modern mathematics is constructed.

    Standard is a criterion, an acknowledged measure of comparison for quantitative or qualitative value. Standards can be:

    • Objects that under specified conditions representsthe unit.
    • Degrees or levels of requirementor excellence.
    • Sets of specifications that are adopted to allow
  • Script


    Script is the text of a broadcast, a movie, or a play.

    Screenwriting is the art of writing scripts for mass media: films, video productions, etc. Screenwriters can pitch ideas to producers beforehand, be commissioned to create a screenplay from a concept, or create one independently.

    The process of scriptwriting includes:

    1. outlining the story and developing the narrative,
    2. writing and editing the screenplay and perfecting dialogues
    3. delivering the script in a required format.


    An interview is a conversation between two or more people where questions are asked by the interviewer to elicit facts or statements from the interviewee.