References include information about external sources - links, citations, mentions, names, and titles - and point out relations between informational objects:

  • notes recognizing a source of information;
  • names of the authors;
  • titles of specific publications containing authoritative facts;
  • definitions, standards, and their origination;
  • passages from publications,
  • mentioning, embedding, etc.

Definitions are statements of the meaning of a term:

  1. Intensional - give the sense of a term by naming properties that a thing must have in order to be part of the set.
    In logic and mathematics, an intensional definition gives the meaning of a term by specifying necessary and sufficient conditions for when the term should be used.
  2. Extensional - list the objects that a term describes).
    Extensional definitions are used when listing the members of a set tells the questioner enough about the nature of that set, or gives more applicable information than other types of definition.
  3. Ostensive - convey the meaning by pointing out examples of one or more members of a set, but not necessarily all.

A term may have many different senses and multiple meanings, and thus require multiple definitions. Definitions and axioms are the basis on which all of modern mathematics is constructed.

Standard is a criterion, an acknowledged measure of comparison for quantitative or qualitative value. Standards can be:

  • Objects that under specified conditions represents the unit.
  • Degrees or levels of requirement or excellence.
  • Sets of specifications that are adopted to allow compatibility.

Knowledge - useful information, facts, methods, tips, tutorials - presentations of concepts, abstract ideas, general notions, conceptions, abstractions, theories, hypotheses, and beliefs and convictions based on factual information and experience.

Title Created Date
Eternity in Flowers November 2019
People I Follow on Twitter September 2019 September 2019
7 Questions for You April 2019
Discovering Ruprecht Kaufmann March 2019
My Tracks on 2008-2012 February 2019
Film Festival Finalist July 2018
Creative Commons License - Email to my Filmmaking Group July 2018
Family Friends February 2018
Bob and Ellen Eliason February 2018
Mike Danzi February 2018
Meanings of my Signature January 2018
Concentration and Work Engagement December 2017
Change of Perspective by Language and Culture December 2017
Splendid Waste November 2017
Quotes November 2017
Symbolism in Citizen Kane January 2016
Emotions and Storytelling January 2016
Yury Schevchuk for Ukraine March 2014