Fuchsia Pink Plum Violet

Magenta is a purplish-red or reddish-purple color. In these group of colors I include all colors close to it on the color wheel, for instance: crimson, pink, purple, red violet, ...

On RGB (additive) and CMY (subtractive) color wheels, it is located in the middle between red and blue:

  • Hex #f0f or #FF00FF;
  • sRGBB  (r, g, b)=(255, 0, 255) - red, green, blue.
  • CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)=(0, 100, 0, 0) - cyan, magenta, yellow, black;
  • HSV(h, s, v)=(300°, 100%, 100%) - hue, saturation, value.

Magenta is an extra-spectral color, not a hue associated with monochromatic visible light - it is associated with perception of spectral power distributions. Violet and red, the two components of magenta, are at opposite ends of the visible spectrum and have very different wavelengths (380 to 740 nm). Magenta has no wavelength attributed to it. Our brain constructs magenta to connect the ends of the spectrum, red and violet.

In the CMYK color model, magenta is one of the three primary colors, along with cyan and yellow. In this model, magenta is also the complementary color of green: these two colors have the highest contrast. If combined, green and magenta ink will look dark gray or black. Process magenta is one of the four colors of ink used in color printing by an inkjet printer. Combining green and magenta light on a black screen will create white. A purple hue in terms of color theory, magenta is evoked by light having less power in green wavelengths than in blue/violet and red wavelengths.