Art Elements

Color, Line, Shape, Texture, Form, Space, Materiality, Markmaking

Six Elements of Art

  1. Color have three properties:
    1. hue (particular distinguishable color, e.g. red),
    2. saturation (chroma or intensity, tints, tones, and shades), 
    3. value (luminosity, lightness or darkness) - the scale from dark (black) through grey till light (white) values.
  2. Line - 1-dimentional design connecting two points, outline characterized by length and curve:
    1. actual line, real marks in a composition,
    2. implied line - suggested by changes in color or texture, or by the edges of shapes.
  3. Shape - 2-dimensional design encased by lines:
    1. geometrical (e.g. circle, triangle, rectangle, etc.)
    2. organic (irregular, e.g. apple, hat, box, etc.).
  4. Texture - surface quality:
    1. tactile (real) - physical surface qualities that give tactile feeling by touching and visual effect by reflecting light with variability.
    2. visual (implied) - gives a sense of texture on a flat surface with lines, shading, and color (simulated, invented, or abstract).
  5. Form 3-dimensional object with with perceived volume - height, width, and depth (e.g. sphere, tetrahedron, cube, cylinder. etc.).
  6. Space - areas within or around the objects and their relationship with the foreground or background:
    1. positive space - areas of the work with a subject,
    2. negative space - around or without a subject.
  7. Materiality: the choice of materials used and how it impacts the work of art.
  8. Markmaking: the interaction between the artist and the used materials.

Art elements are organized by art principles.

arts, elements, principles


Lena Nechet, artist - Fine art, media productions, language.
San Diego, California , USA, 323-686-1771

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