Color Theory

Color theory in the visual arts is a practical guidance to color mixing, combinations, and applicatio for specific visual effects.

In 15th century CE, color theory principles first appeared in the writings of Leone Battista Alberti and the notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci. In the beginning of 18th century, Isaac Newton's Opticks was published.

I would like to concisely present color qualities that are useful for artists. We will look at wavelength, pigment and spectral primaries, RGB and HSV color models, and into magenta specifically.

Hues are what we usually call colors in a regular language, but separated from color value and saturation.

Color temperature appears to be a term that causes quite a bit of confusion, so we will discuss it in detail.

 Primary and secondary hues, black and white, color wave gradients, opposite colors, value scale.




Black to white value gradient.


Lena Nechet, artist - Fine art, media productions, language.
San Diego, California , USA , 323-686-1771