From Journal of the American Heart Association Report:
- Eating a Western lunch (typically containing refined grains, cheese, cured meat) was associated with a 44% increased risk of CVD death;
- Eating a fruit-based lunch was associated with a 34% reduced risk of CVD death;
- Eating a vegetable-based dinner was associated with a 23% and 31% reduction in CVD and all-cause mortality, respectively; and
- Consuming a snack high in starch after any meal was associated with a 50-52% increased risk of all-cause mortality and a 44-57% increased risk in CVD-related mortality.
CVD - death by cardiovascular disease.
High in starch in this study meant white potatoes. Usually potato snacks (chips) are likely also to be high in processed fat.
- Dietary data was self-reported by participants.
- Unmeasured confounding factors cannot be ruled out.