Researchers estimated how life expectancy (LE)
changes with sustained changes in the intake of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, refined grains, nuts, legumes, fish, eggs, milk/dairy, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages.
An optimal diet had substantially higher intake than a typical diet of whole grains, legumes, fish, fruits, vegetables, and included a handful of nuts, while reducing red and processed meats, sugar-sweetened beverages, and refined grains.
A sustained change from a typical Western diet to the optimal die:
- from age 20 years would increase life expectancy by:
- more than a 10 years for women,
- 13 years for men.
- from age 60 years would increase life expectancy by:
- 8 years for women,
- 8.8 years for men.
- 80-year-olds would gain about 3.4 years.
The largest gains would be made by eating more
- legumes (more than 2 years),
- whole grains (about 2 years),
- nuts (1.7 years).
- red meat (females: 1.6, males: 1.9),
- processed meat (females: 1.6, males: 1.9).