Botanical and Common Edible Fruits


Fruits and berries - sweet and savory - detachable products of plants used for seed dispersion.

Fruit is the fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a flowering plant, enclosing the seeds. Fruits result from the fertilizing and maturing of flowers.

In general, fruits are the fleshy seed-associated structures of plants that typically are sweet or sour and edible in the raw state (apples, mango, mulberries, lemons, oranges, strawberries, etc.).

In botanical sense, the term "fruit" also includes savory fruits like tomatoes, peppers, zucchini, cucumbers, and additional structures like true nuts, bean pods, corn kernels, tomatoes, grains, etc.

In grains, botanical fruits, the thin fruit walls are fused with the seed coat, and most nutrition comes from the seeds, so here they are labeled as such.

True berries are a type of simple fleshy fruit with seeds usually embedded in the fleshy interior of the single ovary (grapes, watermelon, pomegranate, currants, redcurrant, blackcurrant, cucumbers, aubergines, tomatoes, chili peppers, cranberry, gooseberry, bananas, kiwi, most citrus fruit). But strawberry, pineapples and others are aggregate (raspberry, blackberry, strawberry, boysenberry, pawpaw), accessory (stone fruits, apple, blackberry, strawberry, rose hip), or multiple (fig, mulberry) fruits.

Fruits are the means by which flowering plants (angiosperms) propagate, or spread their seeds, using the movements of humans and animals in a symbiotic relationship. Many animals, including humans, have become dependent on fruits as a source of food.

Via mutual evolution, the fleshy fruits of many plants developed to appeal to animals. The fruits are carried away and the seeds then deposited further from the parent plant.

Color vision of primates may have evolved for foraging for nutritious ripe fruit, flowers, and young leaves, among other survival tasks.

Fungus parts that produces spores are called a fruiting bodies.


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