Abstract expression - depicting something not having a physical or concrete existence.
Origins of Visual Abstraction
- Calligraphy: Chinese and Islamic.
- Far East painting schools: Wang Mo (王墨) (splashed-ink);
- Chan-buddhist painting, Liang Kai (梁楷), Zen art (e.g. enso), Dajian Huineng (大鑒惠能), Sesshu Toyo;
- Tiantai buddhism: Yu Jian (mid-13th century),
- Daoist painting: Zhu Derun